What does NEPAD stand for?
The New Partnership for Africa's Development.
What are the origins of NEPAD?

The NEPAD strategic framework document was prepared by the leaders of the five initiating states (Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa), in response to a mandate given to them by the Summit of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). The 37th Summit of the OAU in July 2001 formally adopted the strategic framework document.

What is NEPAD?

NEPAD is a VISION and STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR AFRICA'S RENEWAL.
NEPAD is a programme of the African Union (AU), adopted in 2001 by African leaders, with the primary objectives of poverty eradication, promotion of sustainable growth and development, and the empowerment of women through building genuine partnerships at country, regional and global levels.
NEPAD is a blueprint for Africa's development in the 21st century and provides unique opportunities for Africa to address the critical challenges facing the continent, including the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other continental and international agreed upon goals.

Why is there a need for NEPAD?
NEPAD is designed to address the current challenges facing the African continent. Issues such as the escalating poverty levels and underdevelopment of African countries and the continued marginalisation of Africa from the global economy needed a radical new intervention, spearheaded by African leaders - that would bring forth a new Vision for Africa's Renewal.
What is the NEPAD programme of action?
It is a detailed action plan derived from the NEPAD Strategic Framework document and the NEPAD Initial Action Plan, adopted by the African Union Summit in Durban in June 2002. The NEPAD Programme of Action is a holistic, comprehensive and integrated sustainable development initiative for the revival of Africa.
What are the NEPAD primary objectives?
  • To eradicate poverty;
  • To place African countries, both individually and collectively, on a path of sustainable growth and development;
  • To halt the marginalisation of Africa in the globalisation process;
  • To accelerate the empowerment of women;
  • To fully integrate Africa into the global economy.
What are the principles of NEPAD?
  • African ownership and leadership, as well as broad and deep participation by all sectors of society;
  • Anchoring the redevelopment of the continent on the resources and resourcefulness of the African people;
  • Partnership between and amongst African peoples;
  • Acceleration of regional and continental integration
  • Building the competitiveness of African countries and the continent;
  • Forging of a new partnership with the industrialised world by, amongst other things, ensuring that it changes the unequal relationship between Africa and the developed world; and
  • Commitment to ensuring that all Partnerships with NEPAD are linked to the Millennium Development Goals and other agreed development goals and targets.

What are the elements of NEPAD's strategic focus?

  • To reduce the risk profile of doing business in Africa;
  • To create the conditions conducive for investment, high economic growth and sustainable development;
  • To increase Africa's competitiveness in the world economy;
  • To transform the unequal and donor/recipient relationship with the developed countries and multilateral institutions to a new partnership that is based on mutual responsibility and respect; and
  • To increase investment on the continent in order to ensure social and economic development

In sum, NEPAD calls for adapted policy reforms and increased investments in the areas of agriculture and food security, science and technology, environment, trade and market access, governance, infrastructure (energy, transport and water sanitation, and information and communication technologies), gender and capacity development.

How is the NEPAD programme governed?

The work of the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency – which is tasked with the implementation of the NEPAD Programme – is overseen by the NEPAD Heads of State and Government Orientation Committee (HSGOC) and a Steering Committee.
The Chairperson of the African Union Commission exercises supervisory authority over the Agency.
Basically, the main features of the AU/NEPAD governance structure include the African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government (AU Assembly); NEPAD Heads of State and Government Orientation Committee (HSGOC) and a Steering Committee.

What is the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NEPAD Agency)?

The NEPAD Agency was established by the 14th African Union Summit decision as the institutional vehicle for implementing the African Union Development agenda. Designated as the technical body of the African Union, the core mandate of the NEPAD Agency is to facilitate and coordinate the implementation of regional and continental priority programmes and projects and to push for partnerships, resource mobilisation and research and knowledge management.